CONTRIBUTION OF SOME WATER BODIES AND THE ROLE OF SOILS IN THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL ENRICHMENT OF THE DOUALA-EDEA MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM
By Aaron Suh Tening1*, George Bindeh Chuyong2, Godswill Azinwie Asongwe3, Beatrice Ambo Fonge2, Lydia Likowo Lifongo1, Antoine David Mvondo-Ze4, Vivian Bih Che3 and Cheo Emmanuel Suh
The effect of enrichment of water bodies could be of serious crises to the mangrove ecosystem. Changes in physicochemical properties of some water bodies in the Douala-Edea mangrove ecosystem was investigated alongside the potential role of soils in controlling these parameters. Water and soil samples within the Douala industrial zones were collected in February 2010 and analysed using standard methods. The concentrations of cations and chlorides (Cl-) in the rivers increased from upstream to downstream and with depth. These parameters were not distinct with other anions which showed higher fluctuations around confluences. Many anomalies were obtained in streams and wells at vicinity of the industries. Mean Cl- concentrations in streams and wells around River Wouri (135.1 and 57.9 mg/l, respectively) were higher than those around River Dibamba (59.3 and 38,2 mg/l, respectively). A low retention capacity of the soils was observed by the non significant (P > 0.05) relationship between the clay fraction and cation exchange capacity (CEC). This makes the mangrove ecosystem vulnerable to the increase nutrient from anthropogenic activities as indicated by the occurrence of Nypa Palms (Nypa fructicans) and Water Hyacinths (Echhornia cassipes). It is therefore imminent that the Douala- Edea Mangrove Ecosystem is being degraded.
Key words: Soils, water, physicochemical properties, mangrove ecosystem. Download