GENDER GAPS IN ORGANIZATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN MTN AND ORANGE HEAD OFFICES IN DOUALA: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
By: Nkemngong Mbouya Desmond | Department of Development Studies | Gender and Project Management
This study focused on investigating issues related to Gender Gaps in Organizational Leadership in MTN and Orange Head Offices in Douala. The major objective was to examine the causes and effects of gender gaps in organizational leadership and the implications for the mainstreamed in leadership.The specific objectives include: to assess the general characteristics of gender gaps (inequality in MTN and Orange head offices Leadership; To find out factors responsible for gender gaps in leadership and the implications of these gaps for the mainstreaming of gender in organizational leadership). The stratified random sampling technique was used to select Five hundred respondents in to some four key departments in MTN and Orange (Central Administration, Human Resource, Mobile Financing and Marketing) who were administer the 511 questionnaires required for the study but just 500 came back. Data were analysed using descriptive statistic and inferential statistics with the aids of SPSS software. The findings show that though 56.60% female employees of the workers in the organisations it was somehow difficult to find woman occupy key leadership position in the organisation. It was also revealed that amongst the factors leading to the gender gap are women’s reproductive functions and family responsibilities at home which greatly interfere with women jobs. Study shows gender gap at the top of leadership especially makes skilful and competence female employees feel discourage to aspire and occupy leadership position and this may lead to waste of human and other resources. Recommendations have been made to MTN & Orange Cameroon, the government and other stakeholders to promote gender equality in the country and mainstream gender in organizational management. Suggestions have also been made for further studies.
Key Words: Gender gaps, Organizational Leadership, MTN Cameroon & Orange Cameroon.