THE DETERMINANTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION IN THE GAMBIA
Department of Development Studies
Master of Science degree in Regional Planning and Project Management
We live in a world fashioned by human migration. Every day, people decide to leave their hometown or even their own country and move elsewhere for varying reasons. This study seeks to identify the push and pull factors leading to migration and its effects on the socio-economic development of The Gambia. The study also aspires to find out the push and pull factors of migration in The Gambia; the consequences of migration on the socio-economic development of the country and device strategies that can be employ to advert the immigration in The Gambia. The study used both primary and secondary data collection methods. In the primary data collection, questionnaire, focus group discussion (FGD) and an interview guide were the instrument used. A population of 123 households was surveyed. The study found out that 85.5 % of the respondents all have 1-5 migrants from their family and of them, 82 % are males between the ages of 20-30 years 69.2 %. Economic reasons (poverty, low wages, and unemployment) were found to be the main determinants (push and pull factors) of migration. It was again found out that migration though brings some benefit in the form of remittance, equally have serious consequences both at the national, community and household levels. Consequences such as degrading of the agriculture sector and the poor health service delivery due to brain drain of professional are common. Finally, the study found out that creation of employment opportunities with competitive salaries, mechanization of agriculture and skill development to be some of the strategies that can be employ to advert the trend of migration in the country. It was recommended that the government need to come up with poverty alleviation strategies and promote entrepreneurship development. Again it is important for the government to create opportunities in the agricultural sector by making argic an exciting business as well as develop innovative financing instrument to support youth business endeavours.
Key works: Migration, Determinants, and Consequences