ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS: CASE OF UNVDA IN NDOP - NORTH WEST REGION, CAMEROON
By Dogo Nelson Nforniwe | Department of Development Studies | Environment and Natural Resource Management
Concern about the impacts of State Enterprises on society is a global one. Numerous efforts to reporting are unsatisfactory to stakeholders who demand ever more information on the impacts of state enterprises on the society and how they align these impacts with society’s needs. This study evaluated the impacts of the activities of the Upper Noun Valley Development Authority (UNVDA) in Ndop. It specifically identified the implementation of various activities of the UNVDA; its environmental and social impacts in Ndop and eventually presented the challenges faced by the corporation in relation to these impacts. Purposeful sampling was used to administer questionnaires and interview the farmers while random availability sampling was used to interview and administer questionnaires to the workers. The study used observation, interviews, questionnaires and literature review to collect data. Data analysis employed quantitative and qualitative methods. Findings revealed that UNVDA carried out buildings (warehouses and residents), road construction and maintenance, dams and canal constructions, paddy purchase and rice marketing, the creation of farmer groups, construction of a water collection and distribution point, seed multiplication and distribution, and supplies of farm inputs to farmers. These activities have caused some impacts to the environmental and the society; the shrinking Lake Bamendjim, deforestation, habitat loss and fragmentation; as well as social impacts: road accessibility and facilities, fertilizer loans to farmers, providing facilities for seed multiplication and marketing. Also, the study revealed that the farmers were not in good terms with the corporation due to unpaid debts, high cost of loans and poor road maintenance. It was concluded that UNVDA respects four out of the ten standards outlined by the UN Global Compact that encourages business sustainability and social responsibility, although two of these principles were not so much applicable to the corporation. There is need for the corporation to reconsider its activities to prevent or mitigate the negative environmental and social impacts caused in its areas of intervention.
Key words: UNVDA, Development Authorities, Environmental impacts, Social impacts.