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СНПЧ А7 Курск, обзоры принтеров и МФУ

EFFECTS OF POST-HARVEST RISKS ON MAIZE STORAGE BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN THE WEST REGION, CAMEROON

BY: MBOUOGNING TEUGNOUA FLORIANE | DEPARTMENT OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES | ENVIRONMENT AND AGRICULTURE

Abstract

In developing countries, smallholder farmers are compelled to manage a great diversity of risks in the process of production and later at post-harvest stage. They are however often too poorly equipped to prevent, avoid or withstand certain shocks, whether expected or unexpected, due to lack of formal safety nets. The effect of risks on farming has received a great deal of attention from numerous researchers in the past, but the specific contribution of post-harvest risks to storage behavior, particularly to storage during lean periods is not so well documented. We carried-out surveys in 150 households in the West Region of Cameroon to identify shocks perceived as the most likely and that would modify the storage practices of small scale maize growers who hold grain during the post-harvest period. Using mainly analyses of variance, we showed how much the different types of risk identified are responsible for allocation of stored maize to various uses, as well as how much influence they have on other relevant aspects of maize keeping in stores. Findings revealed that idiosyncratic risks, especially that of having few alternative sources of income tend to push maize stock holders to rely heavily on precautionary savings in the form of grain, more than all other types of risks faced along the post-harvest period. 74 percent of farmers kept at least 6 per cent of their maize until the lean period. The duration of maize in store, the level of price increase expected for carrying out the largest sales of maize in a year, the main motive for keeping maize until lean period, the main disincentive to maize storage and finally the percentage of stored maize sold to obtain cash were significant determinants of this proportion, found through ordinal regression analysis. These results highlight the need for policy makers to make formal savings systems more affordable to smallholder farmers and to reduce those risks that seem more difficult to manage at the household level along the maize post-harvest period Download

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