TRANSNATIONALIZATION OF TERRORISM IN THE LAKE CHAD BASIN: THE CASE OF BOKO HARAM
BY: FORMBUI ZINA ANTIMBOM | DEPARTMENT OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES | PEACE, CONFLICTS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
The emergence of Boko Haram, as an Islamic extremist terrorist group that has been agitating for the introduction of strict Islamic laws and the Islamisation of Nigeria through violent activities such as killing, bombing, and suicide bombing has taken a transnational dimension Ayeotan (2012). It has more recently transformed into one of the fiercest terrorist organizations, whose violent activities have seriously affected the lives of people across Nigeria and its neighbouring countries. Also, the group has been described as a domestic terrorist group because of the initial scope of its atrocities mainly in Nigeria. This work sought to investigate the factors that led to the transnationalization of terrorism in the Lake Chad basin with case study of the Boko Haram insurgency. Structured interviews were used to collect primary data for the study. The respondents were principally military and security personnel, civilians, and elites. Due to the broad nature of the scope and the high level of insecurity in the study area, the study made more use of secondary than primary data. The study employed material collected from news channels, websites, published and unpublished thesis, books and articles. The results indicated that ignorance and deprivation and socio – cultural relations were the leading factors that have sustained and deepened the Boko Haram crisis. Accordingly, it is recommended that the governments of Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria, and Niger should set up social centres in the affected areas that would promote socio-cultural interaction of the local people with people from other areas of the country.