Search

СНПЧ А7 Курск, обзоры принтеров и МФУ

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THREE HEALTH CARE CENTERS IN BUEA, CAMEROON

By NKEBI AZEH |Department of Development Studies | Environment and Natural Resource Management

ABSTRACT

This study, aimed at assessing effectiveness of medical waste management, was carried out in the South West Region, Cameroon, with objectives to: identify medical waste management systems in three healthcare centres/hospitals in Buea; assess methods of waste management systems and compare these management systems with WHO standards. Health care centres were selected based on availability and closeness to the area of study. Scientific knowledge and know-how on concepts of modern medical waste management were tested. All aspects and equipment used in medical waste management were examined. Results revealed that medical wastes produced from different departments of the three healthcare centres were poorly managed. Separation was applied only for sharp wastes, collected in special sharp boxes after use. Waste storage time (in plastic and metal containers with or without plastic lining and biohazard symbols) was less than 48 hrs. Collection was done first by medical staff, and then transported, with other waste by cleaners. Waste bags were constantly subject to tear and consequently spilling of the waste.27% of the respondents were aware of a temporal storage site, 33% had no idea and 27% were ignorant about a storage site in the hospitals. Training courses and awareness programs on medical waste management for health care providers and workers at hospitals were limited or not provided. Medical wastes management was not judiciously planned; hence they were not treated and disposed of in accordance with Schedule I, and not in compliance with the standards prescribed in Schedule V of WHO standards. However, the health care centres have set up some requisite bio-medical waste treatment facilities (in accordance with time-schedule), like incinerator, autoclave, microwave system for treatment of waste, and ensure requisite treatment of waste at a common waste treatment facility or any other waste treatment facility. Bio-medical waste is not segregated into containers/bags at point of generation in accordance with Schedule II prior to storage, transportation, treatment and disposal. Download

:
CLOSE WINDOW   X

CAPTCHA