ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY’S PERCEPTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AND CHALLENGES IN THE BUEA MUNICIPALITY VERSUS KANIFING MUNICIPAL COUNCIL (KMC) IN THE GAMBIA
By Baboucar S.M. Gaye | Department of Development Studies | Regional Planning and Project Management
Waste is an inevitable consequence of industrialization and urbanization. Like in all other rapidly urbanising municipalities in the developing world, municipal solid waste and its management is a major challenge to the sustainable development, of which Buea and Kanifing Municipalities are no exception. The study was aimed at assessing the community’s perception of Municipal solid waste management strategies and challenges in Buea Municipality and Kanifing Municipal Council in the Gambia. Data was collected through detailed structured questionnaires administered to 200 residents of the Buea municipality. This was complemented by key informant interviews, field observation and a desktop review of related literature for both areas. The study found that organic waste was the most generated (35%) and 41%} forms of waste in both Buea and Kanifing municipalities respectively. There was a statistically significant variations (p<0.05) across the study locations. Also, the study found that waste collection dustbins were not evenly distributed. Most people resorted to the use of bags, plastic buckets among others for the storage of waste. Waste was not totally disposed of at the officially designated collection points. Waste was collected at least once a week, but collection frequency varied. Collected wastes were deposited at open dump in Musaka and Bakoteh dump sites. Most of the respondents did not know how waste was treated but a few indicated incineration and burying as the common methods used. Challenges of municipal solid waste management in Buea municipality were ascribed mostly to inadequate dustbins and non-sorting of waste at origin. Conversely, challenges reported in Kanifing Municipal Council (KMC) in the Gambia were the indiscriminate dumping and disposal of waste. Finally, the study found out that poor waste management was associated with outbreak of diseases such as malaria in both areas. The study concluded that significant strides have been made in the context of the partnership between the Buea council and Hygiene and Sanitation Company of Cameroon (HYSACAM) but more still remains to be done. The study recommends provision of more dustbins and community sensitisation on hygiene and sanitation norms and on the importance waste sorting at point of origin in both municipalities.
Keywords: Waste, Municipal Solid Waste, Waste Management, Public Private Partnership. Download