ASSESSING EMPLOYEE’S AWARENESS OF LABOUR LAW IN CAMEROON: A CASE OF ENEO CAMEROON S.A, LIMBE, SOUTH WEST REGION CAMEROON
By: Joel Favour Ngwafor | Department of Business and Management Studies | Human Resource Management
Despite the enactment and rhetoric implementation of labour laws, workers in Limbe like in other parts of Cameroon are not immune from exploitation and discrimination. Cases of intimidation and harassments are observed in many institutions, while the health and safety of employees are often not guaranteed. Using the ENEO as case study, this study assesses the level of employees’ awareness of international and national labour law of Cameroon. As a descriptive case study, both the qualitative and quantitative approaches were adopted in assessing employees’ level of awareness of labour law. A sample of 33 participants were purposive and conveniently included in the study, meanwhile data was collected using questionnaires, interviews and observation. Data from questionnaires was analysed with the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), and presented using, frequencies, percentages, tables and charts. Interview and observations were analysed using content analyses, with the aim to bring out meanings and to confirm data from questionnaires. Findings revealed a high level of awareness of the existence of the Cameroon Labour Code and organisational policies, but a low level of awareness of the existence of the International Labour Standard. However, employees reported poor knowledge of specific laws that protect the rights as workers. The study also identifies challenges with reclassification and appointments and the lack of working equipment and materials as the main challenges encountered by employees. With regards to measures and where to seek redress, findings revealed that membership with trade unions and discussion with other colleagues were very vital. The study also revealed that employees’ low level of awareness of labour law cannot solely be attributed to the employers as the employees claim, but also to employees’ negligence or their failure to take off time to read the institutional policies published on noticed boards or provided in the handbook. As a result, this study recommended that while employers should make access to laws possible, employees should also endeavour to take it as their duty to educate themselves on issues that concern their wellbeing. The study ended with recommendations for further studies.
Key words: Labour law, Employee’s awareness, Employee’s protection and Employment standards