LABOR IMMIGRATION IN EQUATORIAL GUINEA AND ITS EFFECTS: THE CASE OF MALABO
By: Nardy Buiyaban Bichua | Department of Business and Management Studies | Human Resource Management
Movement from place to place is as old as history. The specific objectives of the study were: firstly to identify the push and pull factors that led to labor immigration in Malabo, secondly to examine the positive and negative effects of labor immigration in Malabo, thirdly to propose a framework to address the immigration challenges in Malabo. A Survey research design was adopted for this study.The targeted population for this study were all nationals and non-national workers from 18 years and above in Malabo. The researcher made use of a multi stage sampling technique consisting of stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques. The study made use of both primary and secondary sources of data collection. Two sets of questionnaires were designed and administered to both national and foreign workers. Data collected was inputted in SPSS version 20.0 and the interpretation of the findings were made with the use of simple descriptive statistics. Regarding the push factors, it is clear from the economic findings that 58% of the respondent indicated that, the reason why they migrated from their country of origin was due to unemployment. From the socio-cultural findings, 67% of the respondents indicated that family transfer was the factor that pushed them from their country of origin to Equatorial Guinea. With respect to the pull factors, the economic findings revealed that 63% of the respondents indicated that what attracted them to Malabo was the employment opportunities in the country, while the socio-cultural findings revealed that 67% of the respondents indicated family reunification as the factor that pull them from their country of origin to Equatorial Guinea. The study also identified the positive and negative effects of labor immigration in Malabo. Positively, such effects included skill transfer and cheap labor while negatively, prostitution, illegal business transactions, and increasing crime wave. Therefore the researcher recommended that the Government and policy makers in Equatorial Guinea should regulate immigration flows to ensure that people entering the country have skills which can be used in the economy and that will contribute to the growth of the country. Some areas were suggested for further research.
Key Words: labor immigration, push factors, pull factors, effects.