CASSAVA VALUE ADDED CHAIN: AN ASSESSMENT OF CONSTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN THE NORTH WEST REGION OF CAMEROON
By: Mah. O. Tarke | Department of Development Studies | Environment and Agriculture
This study focused on the cassava value added chain; it associated constraints and opportunities faced by small farm holders in Momo, Mezam and Ngoketunjia Divisions of the North West Region of Cameroon. Specifically, the study identifies the various products and by-products of cassava. It determines the cost and benefits of cassava products along the value-added chain, identified the key determinants of cassava production and by- products along the chain. It also identifies the constraints faced, and the associated opportunities abound in the sector for Investment. Two hundred and ten questionnaires were purposively distributed to farmers, drivers, processors and traders, based on availability. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, inferential statistics with the aid of GenStat3 and Microsoft Excel 2013 software complemented by narration. The findings showed that there are seven major products of cassava (garri, water fufu, kumkum, chip, miyodo, macala and starch) in the studied area. The total annual revenue of cassava production by the 91 farmers was estimated at 76,652,000 FCFA and the total cost was estimated at 33,170,000 FCFA, giving a gross margin of 43,482,000 FCFA. Prediction of the output of cassava using the multiple regressions was significant with an R2 value of 0.862. Output/ha = 0.252 + 1.987 F + 1.735 T– 0.785D + 1.560 MT+ 2.679 Tr + 1.175 V. Gari processing cost weekly was 4,804,000 FCFA, weekly revenue of 10,140,000FCFA giving a gross margin of 5,336,000FCFA? Constraints faced by farmers included: the poor link between farmers and extension worker, lack of training on the use of improved varieties, pest and diseases, effects of climate, low technology, limited access to land, fluctuation in prices, and perishability of products. Despite these constraints, opportunities exist for small holder farmers in the study area which include; increasing market demands, new government policies to promote smallholders. Because cassava is an important food and commercial source, there is the need to extend study in other areas of the Region.
Keywords: Cassava chain and cassava value added chain