9. Monitoring and evaluation
9.1. Monitoring and evaluation design
Sound attention to monitoring & evaluation (M&E) at the design stage is still a challenge for many development agencies. Better still, this component in every project or programme is like a policing mechanism. PAID-WA views M&E design as a part of the quality assurance process that will help development institutions clarify objectives and prepare a realistic outline that clearly articulates what resources are required, what outputs will be produced and how those outputs will stimulate change. Attention to basic principles will help teams make sure that development objectives describe real changes and development institutions formulate measurable indicators that represent those changes. Our preferred way of working is clutched in the concept of participation by a mixed group of implementers and representatives of the target groups.
9.2. Process monitoring
Process monitoring is a relatively recent development in the broader field of monitoring and evaluation. It provides a means to assess the quality of project and programme implementation, complimenting quantitative, input-output progress monitoring. It is a tool for institutional learning and taking corrective action in innovative and adaptive projects. PAID-WA’s experience in process monitoring focuses on two particular areas: First is mainly linked to Community Driven Development (CDD) projects. Combining both monitoring and learning expertise, we develop and manage innovative process monitoring approaches. Our process monitoring will be tailored to key CDD processes of community mobilisation and community based project management. The second concerns developing log frame-based monitoring for process projects, particularly where behavioural change is an objective.
9.3. Evaluation studies and impact assessments
Impact assessment attempts to measure social and economic changes and attribute them to specific programmes and activities. PAID-WA uses a structured approach starting with an evaluation framework that specifies hypotheses of change and identifies the 'counterfactual' or what would have happened without the activities. A big challenge for methodology is in designing the means of comparison to measure change 'before and after' an intervention or by comparing 'with and without' an initiative. PAID-WA provides practical solutions and keep abreast of current research thinking about the suitability of assessment and evaluation approaches. We advocate integrated approaches to quantitative and qualitative field studies using both participatory and questionnaire-based data collection. This component also introduces us to PAID-WA’s capacity in undertaking baseline studies at the early stage of every intervention. The institute has an extensive track record in carrying out ‘needs assessment’ or establishing reference points for various organisations. This makes PAID-WA partner or stakeholder in every development intervention within the implementation cycle of any organisation that strives for results and impact.